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S O U R C E

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S T U D Y   S O U R C E S

link to image of the Marine Midland
image

 

I found New York the
way I expected
it to be;
a kind of immense
vertical mess set
upon a square
horizontal order.

  Nicolas Nabokov


(Frankly, after eight years, the list of sources for this study on NYC skyscrapers & related themes is getting way too long, but...)
Sources for this study are various and multiple, often really only picking a piece of information here and a piece there, but some of the definitely most important have been:

  • Ali, Tanveer. Analysis: U.N. mulling renovation options. UPI, Oct. 14, 2005.
  • Amateau, Albert. Terrorism Drives Up Insurance Rates, Report Says. Downtown Express, Nov. 20, 2002.
  • Ashton, Dore. New York - World Cultural Guides. London: Thames And Hudson, 1972.
    (Also the first of the read sources back in late-1995 -- oh, memories...)
  • Bagenal, P. & Meades, J. An Illustrated Atlas of the World's Great Buildings. London: Salamander, 1980.
  • Bagli, Charles V. As Rents Soar, Boom Slows in Times Square. The New York Times, Feb. 8, 1999.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Corporation Walks Away From Tax Deal. The New York Times, Sept. 5, 1999.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Office Shortage in Manhattan Imperils Growth. The New York Times, Sept. 19, 2000.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Plan to Revise Zoning Laws Seems to Face an Early Death. The New York Times, Nov. 24, 2000.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Once Again, West Side of Manhattan Is Making Developers Dream. The New York Times, Dec. 16, 2000.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Agreement Is Reached for Sale of Rockefeller Center. The New York Times, Dec. 22, 2000.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Well-Known Skyscraper Is Sold to a Little-Known but Well-Financed Family. The New York Times, Jan. 25, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Bloomberg Close to Deal to Move Into Tower on Alexander's Site. The New York Times, Feb. 21, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Vornado Realty Is Highest Bidder to Win Lease for the Twin Towers. The New York Times, Feb. 21, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. German Group Buys Stake in Chrysler Building. The New York Times, Mar. 5, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Deal Closed on New Bank Tower in Midtown. The New York Times, Mar. 13, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. World Trade Center Deal Remains in Doubt. The New York Times, Mar. 17, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Bucking Trend, Bank Is Seeking Wall St. Home. The New York Times, Apr. 6, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. $725 Million Deal for Citigroup Tower Set to Close Today. The New York Times, Apr. 25, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Developer Scrambles to Save World Trade Center Deal. The New York Times, Apr. 26, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Deal Is Signed to Take Over Trade Center. The New York Times, Apr. 27, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Bloomberg Is Expected to Close a Deal on Alexander's Site. The New York Times, Apr. 27, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Unhappy With City Tax Breaks, N.B.A. Drops Move to West Side. The New York Times, May 25, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Loose Construction Scaffold Stops Traffic Near Times Square. The New York Times, Aug. 17, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Plan May Propose Too Much Too Soon. The New York Times, Oct. 10, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Exchange Considers Move to Trade Center Site. The New York Times, Nov. 9, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Sale of Building on 42nd Street Brings 30-Year Feud to an End. The New York Times, Dec. 6, 2001.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Deal to Build New Complex Eludes Mayor and Wall St.. The New York Times, Jan. 1, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Developer's Pace at 7 World Trade Center Upsets Some. The New York Times, Jan. 31, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Heavenly Match Becomes Real Estate War Over the G.M. Building. The New York Times, Feb. 10, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Partnership in Deal for Empire State Building. The New York Times, Mar. 19, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Wall St. Giants Offered Grants for Staying Put. The New York Times, Mar. 21, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Fat Times for Office Brokers. The New York Times, Mar. 26, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Helmsley Tries to Oust Partner in Empire State Building Feud. The New York Times, Apr. 11, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Unreal Estate. The New York Times, Apr. 14, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Buildings Face Tax Increases After Scandal. The New York Times, May 4, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Effectiveness of Grants to Keep Jobs Downtown Is Questioned. The New York Times, Jun. 11, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Big Companies Are Looking to Spread Out From Midtown. The New York Times, Jun. 14, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Big Auditor's Return to Downtown Seems Dead. The New York Times, Jun. 19, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Andersen and Developer Scuttle Times Square Deal. The New York Times, Jun. 26, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Law Firm Plans Move to Times Square Skyscraper. The New York Times, Jul. 3, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Downtown, An Exodus That Cash Can't Stop. The New York Times, Jul. 24, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Investor Takes Step to Halt New Tower for The Times. The New York Times, Jul. 25, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Ruling Favors Plan to Build Times Tower. The New York Times, Aug. 17, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Trade Center Leaseholder Braces for Battle. The New York Times, Aug. 17, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. First of Two Possible Trials Is Set in Trade Center Insurance Case. The New York Times, Aug. 24, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Tower at Financial Center Changes Hands for a Song. The New York Times, Sept. 10, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. U.N. Planning New Tower in Nearby Park. The New York Times, Sept. 20, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Trade Center Leaseholder Asks for Delay in Insurance Case. The New York Times, Sept. 27, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. & Kennedy, Randy. Old or New? Debate Rages Over Transit Downtown. The New York Times, Oct. 12, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Blotting Out the Light: A New Tower by Trump. The New York Times, Oct. 21, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Trump Sues City, Saying Scheme by Assessors Hurt Condo Values. The New York Times, Nov. 8, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Tall Tower Near Ground Zero Is Proposed. The New York Times, Nov. 12, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Fuel in Storage Inside Buildings Raises Concern. The New York Times, Nov. 19, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Deutsche Bank Is Moving to Lower Manhattan Tower. The New York Times, Dec. 6, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Public Plaza, Private Stage: A Battle at CBS's Doorstep. The New York Times, Dec. 17, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Landmark Changes Hands. The New York Times, Dec. 24, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Bear, Stearns Threatens Again to Leave City and Seeks Third Set of Deals to Stay. The New York Times, Dec. 11, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. U.N. Expansion Proceeds, Even as Neighbors Object. The New York Times, Dec. 26, 2002.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Even as Construction Begins, a New Trade Center Tower Faces Obstacles. The New York Times, Jan. 16, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Mayor Rejects New Deal for Bear Stearns Jobs. The New York Times, Jan. 6, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Man at Center of Bribe Case Dies of Stroke. The New York Times, Jan. 8, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. 45 Wall St. Is Renting Again Where Tower Deal Failed. The New York Times, Feb. 8, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Building Cited for Housing Fuel Tanks Catches Fire. The New York Times, Mar. 7, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Broadcasters Put Antennas in Midtown. The New York Times, May 12, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. 2 Property Owners Object to Plan for Skyscraper Near Times Sq.. The New York Times, Jun. 4, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Developer Wants 9/11 Bonds for Times's Project in Midtown. The New York Times, Jul. 17, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Bertelsmann Is Yielding Ground in Manhattan. The New York Times, Jul. 23, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. G.M. Building Sells for $1.4 Billion, a Record. The New York Times, Aug. 30, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Lawsuit Seeks to Block Sale of G.M. Building. The New York Times, Sept. 20, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Pataki Wants Insurance Settled So Trade Center Work Can Begin. The New York Times, Oct. 10, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Hearing Splits on Public Help for a Proposed Office Tower. The New York Times, Nov. 21, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Silverstein Will Get Most of His Cash Back in Trade Center Deal. The New York Times, Nov. 22, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Goldman Asks for Grants for Downtown. The New York Times, Dec. 12, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Durst Gets Land to Build Tower Near Times Square. The New York Times, Dec. 19, 2003.
  • Bagli, Charles V. In Dispute on Trade Center's Insurance, Billions at Stake. The New York Times, Feb. 9, 2004.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Deutsche Bank, Remnant of 9/11, Faces Demolition. The New York Times, Feb. 27, 2004.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Despite Its Jersey City Tower, Goldman Sachs Commits to One in Lower Manhattan. The New York Times, Apr. 17, 2004.
  • Bagli, Charles V. U.S. Jury Limits Payout of Trade Center's Biggest Insurer. The New York Times, May 4, 2004.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Citigroup to Move Employees. The New York Times, Jul. 13, 2004.
  • Bagli, Charles V. M.T.A. Project Rocked Anew by Mafia Link. The New York Times, Sep. 16, 2004.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Developers Find Newest Frontier on the East Side. The New York Times, Aug. 21, 2005.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Arab Royals Buy 2 Pieces of the Skyline. The New York Times, Nov. 10, 2005.
  • Bagli, Charles V. $430 a Square Foot, for Air? Only in New York Real Estate. The New York Times, Nov. 30, 2005.
  • Bagli, Charles V. Port Authority Rejects Silverstein's Offer to Talk. The New York Times, Mar. 18, 2006.
  • Banham, Russ. Terrorism Insurance: Pray As You Go. CFO Magazine, Feb. 1, 2002.
  • Barbanel, Josh. The Alchemy of a Zoning Bonus. The New York Times, Dec. 14, 2003.
  • Barker, Rick. Is 2,000 Feet Per Minute Enough?. Otis Elevator Co. study paper, 1995.
  • Barr, Linda. Newmark to lease 186,000 s/f in new trophy building, 731 Lex. Real Estate Weekly, Dec. 17, 2003.
  • Barringer, Felicity. Wall St. Journal Staff Returning to Offices Near Ground. The New York Times, Jul. 30, 2002.
  • Barron, James. In New York City, a Tourism Glass Half Full. The New York Times, Aug. 6, 2003.
  • Barron, James. 100 Years Ago, an Intersection's New Name: Times Square. The New York Times, Apr. 8, 2004.
  • Bascomb, Neal. Higher: A Historic Race to the Sky and the Making of a City. New York: Doubleday, 2003.
  • Beard, Alison. All in the Name for a Real Estate Giant. The London Financial Times, Jan. 28, 2002.
  • Belluck, Pam. City Lights, a Siren's Song for Birds, Are Dimmed . The New York Times, May 16, 2004.
  • Bezaleel S. Benjamin. High Rise Structures. Magill Survey of Science, Jan. 1, 1993.
  • Bischoff, Dan. Sign of the Times. Metropolismag.com, 1998.
  • Blair, Jayson. Turning Pixels Into Panache - Nasdaq's Sign on Times Square Fulfills a High-Tech Dream. The New York Times, Feb. 17, 2000.
  • Blair, Jayson. CNN Plans to Open Ground-Level Studios in Manhattan. The New York Times, Aug. 10, 2001.
  • Blair, Jayson. Sept. 11 Attack Could Cost Industry $4 Billion. The New York Times, Dec. 8, 2001.
  • Blair, Jayson. Not the Best of Times, but Manhattan Hotels See Encouraging Signs. The New York Times, Mar. 28, 2002.
  • Brill, Louis M. Crossroads of the Sign World. Signweb.com, 2001.
  • Britt, Robert Roy. Surprise earthquake faults found in New York. Explorezone.com, Mar. 22, 2000.
  • Brozan, Nadine. e High-Stakes Game of the Name. The New York Times, Jul. 27, 2003.
  • Bunn, Austin. Elevators Cut a New York Minute by Seconds. Feed, May 1997.
  • Burkeman, Oliver. 'Targets' pay more for less insurance . The Guardian, Apr. 16, 2002.
  • Chittum, Ryan. Manhattan Shows More Signs of Recovery. The Wall Street Journal, Jul. 1, 2003.
  • Clyne, Meghan. Cost of U.N. Renovation Soars to $1.9 Billion. The New York Sun, Nov. 17, 2005.
  • CMD Group. Office Construction Will Remain Fairly Stable for the Upcoming Year With a Boom Expected in 2000. National Press Club, Oct. 27, 1999.
  • Cohen, Norma. Creative Talent Drives Demand. The Financial Times, 2000.
  • Cohen, Norma. Demand for Space Grows. The Financial Times, 2000.
  • Cohen, Norma. Vacancy Rates Fall As Rents Hit New Highs . The Financial Times, 2000.
  • Colford, Paul D. UN may build temporary hall in $1.6B rehab plan. New York Daily News, Nov. 18, 2005.
  • Collins, Glenn. At the Winter Garden, the Rebuilding Begins. The New York Times, Mar. 22, 2002.
  • Collins, Glenn. Resilience, Reflected in Marble. The New York Times, Jun. 12, 2002.
  • Collins, Glenn. Herculean Effort to Restore a Landmark Battered on 9/11. The New York Times, Jan. 6, 2003.
  • Collins, Glenn. Ceiling's Cleaning Grows Into a Tale of Re-Creation. The New York Times, Oct. 30, 2003.
  • Collins, Glenn. 9/11's Miracle Survivor Sheds Bandages. The New York Times, Mar. 5, 2004.
  • Collins, Glenn. Refashioned Face of Coke Rises in Times Square. The New York Times, Jun. 21, 2004.
  • Collins, Glenn. Faces at Least a City Can Love. The New York Times, Feb. 28, 2005.
  • Collins, Glenn. A Return Engagement for a Ground Zero Oasis. The New York Times, Jul. 23, 2005.
  • Cooper, Michael. City Has Idea (Think Office Buildings) to Stretch Midtown to Far West Side. The New York Times, Dec. 13, 2001.
  • Cooper, Michael. Analysis of Stimulus Package Has City Losing $300 Million. The New York Times, Mar. 25, 2002.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Enron Mess Burns Mort. New York Post, Mar. 15, 2002.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Bye-Bye Jersey, Hello Midtown. New York Post, Mar. 19, 2002.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Milstein Nears Pact for 42nd & 8th site. New York Post, Sept. 24, 2002.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Downtown's 'It' Girl Is the 55 Water. New York Post, Oct. 1, 2002.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Last Piece of 42nd Street Puzzle. New York Post, Oct. 22, 2002.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Modell's Scores On "Deuce". New York Post, Oct. 29, 2002.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Deal Delays Hang Up Downtown. New York Post, Nov. 5, 2002.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. 2 Spas Exhale In Chic Locales. New York Post, Nov. 19, 2002.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Former News Bldg. Is Black & White & Green All Over. New York Post, Dec. 10, 2002.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. A Downtown RX. New York Post, Dec. 10, 2002.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Ground Zero Plans Watched For Transit, Layout Aspects. New York Post, Dec. 17, 2002.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Jetblue Triples Size of Its Queens Offices. New York Post, Dec. 24, 2002.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. CIBC Downgrades to Small Slice of HQ Tower. New York Post, Jan. 27, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Brokerage Heads Downtown. New York Post, Feb. 4, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Times Sq. Sees Milstein Move. New York Post, Mar. 11, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Downtown Site's Healthy Moves. New York Post, Mar. 25, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Big Boost for Downtown. New York Post, Apr. 15, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Oppenheimer Commits to Space in 2 WFC Tower. New York Post, Jun. 17, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Downtown Fears a Move by Law Firm. New York Post, Apr. 22, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Bink Signs on at the Bow Tie. New York Post, Jun. 24, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. N.Y. Eatery Entrepreneurs Abandon Basement Digs. New York Post, Jul. 8, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Century 21 Mortgage For Sale. New York Post, Jul. 15, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Calvin Sews Up a New Deal on HQ. New York Post, Sept. 30, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Century Theater May Fetch $12M. New York Post, Oct. 7, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Silverstein: Insurers Won't Stop WTC Tower. New York Post, Oct. 14, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Wach-Pru Deal Whacks Market. New York Post, Nov. 4, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Law Firm Keeps Landlord in Dark. New York Post, Nov. 11, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Vornado's Roth Gets Last Laugh. New York Post, Nov. 25, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Durst Inks Deal for BOFA Move. New York Post, Dec. 23, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. McGraw Hill Dumps Stake in its Sixth Ave. Corporate HQ. New York Post, Dec. 30, 2003.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. PWC Moving in at 300 Madison. New York Post, Jan. 20, 2004.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. It's Legal - Lease Signed for 1 WFC. New York Post, Mar. 16, 2004.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Ball Dropping Bargain. New York Post, Mar. 23, 2004.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Ratner Will Build Times Tower Without Liberty $$. New York Post, May 11, 2004.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Sanctuary in Chelsea Deal. New York Post, Jun. 8, 2004.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Discovery's Zone. New York Post, Jun. 29, 2004.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. JPM To Roll Back Its NYC Presence. New York Post, Jul. 20, 2004.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. California Firm Pays Premium For 125 Park Ave.. New York Post, Jul. 27, 2004.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Goldman Getting $1B in Liberty Bonds for New HQ. New York Post, Aug. 20, 2004.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Luxe Apts. are B'way Bound. New York Post, Oct. 19, 2004.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. West St. Apts Add to Revival. New York Post, Nov. 23, 2004.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Inspired Tishman to Buy Majority of GIC. New York Post, Nov. 30, 2004.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Milstein Plan Hits a Snag . New York Post, Feb. 15, 2005.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Goldman in Hunt for Site . New York Post, Apr. 19, 2005.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. E. Side Hotel Is in Works . New York Post, Oct. 11, 2005.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. D&D Tower Lifts 3rd Av. . New York Post, Nov. 15, 2005.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. BofA Has Big Plans in N.Y. . New York Post, Oct. 18, 2005.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Vacancy Rate at 6-Year Low . New York Post, Jan. 17, 2006.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. Midtown Losing Its Flea Market. New York Post, Jan. 24, 2006.
  • Cuozzo, Steve. UAE Locks Up Suites. New York Post, Feb. 28, 2006.
  • Curtis, William J. R. Modern Architecture Since 1900. Oxford: Phaidon, 1982.
  • Cutler, Steve. The Out-of-Towners. The Real Deal, Sept. 2005.
  • Cutler, Steve. A luxurious new cornerstone at south end of Central Park. The Real Deal, Nov. 2005.
  • Czarnecki, John E. First Downtown NYC Building Completed Post-9/11 Opens. Architectural Record, Jan, 2002.
  • Davidson, Justin. Costliest Building Ever?. New York Newsday, Nov. 13, 2004.
  • Dewan, Sheila K. World Trade Center Makes a Vertical World of Its Own. The New York Times, Mar. 17, 2001.
  • Dolkart, Andrew S. The Architecture and Development of New York City: The Skyscraper City. Columbia University Digital Knowledge Ventures.
  • Donohue, Pete & Gittrich, Greg. A Rail Shot in Arm For Downtown Hub Plan. The New York Daily News, Jun. 13, 2002.
  • Donohue, Pete & Shin, Paul H.B. $7.4B Tag to Get Downtown Moving. The New York Daily News, Apr. 20, 2002.
  • Dunlap, David W. Using Thin Air To Let Buildings Grow Taller. The New York Times, May 17, 1998.
  • Dunlap, David W. Hearst May Finish Tower Started in 1926. The New York Times, Feb. 12, 2001.
  • Dunlap, David W. Goldman Sachs Drops Plans for New Tower at Plaza Site. The New York Times, Mar. 7, 2001.
  • Dunlap, David W. A Quiet Art Deco Masterpiece. The New York Times, Mar. 11, 2001.
  • Dunlap, David W. Reviving Paramount's Marquee and Waldorf's Stars. The New York Times, Apr. 18, 2001.
  • Dunlap, David W. Philip Johnson's Latest Creation Is Now Stopping Traffic. The New York Times, May 9, 2001.
  • Dunlap, David W. A New Colossus Begins to Rise. The New York Times, May 26, 2001.
  • Dunlap, David W. From Planet Hollywood to a Hotel W in Gray. The New York Times, Aug. 29, 2001.
  • Dunlap, David W. Blight to Some Is Home to Others. The New York Times, Oct. 25, 2001.
  • Dunlap, David W. Even Now, a Skyline of Twins. The New York Times, Nov. 2, 2001.
  • Dunlap, David W. Landmarks Group Approves Bold Plan for Hearst Tower. The New York Times, Nov. 28, 2001.
  • Dunlap, David W. The Great Red, Green and Blue Way. The New York Times, Dec. 30, 2001.
  • Dunlap, David W. Citigroup Sign Replacing Those 3 Sixes at the Top. The New York Times, Jan. 3, 2002.
  • Dunlap, David W. Columbus Circle's Towers Are Beginning to Tower. The New York Times, Mar. 3, 2002.
  • Dunlap, David W. Press 'L' for Landmark. The New York Times, Jun. 17, 2002.
  • Dunlap, David W. Designing Buildings to Resist Earthquakes. The New York Times, Jun. 30, 2002.
  • Dunlap, David W. Owners Object to Designation of Skyscraper as a Landmark. The New York Times, Oct. 2, 2002.
  • Dunlap, David W. TV Stations to Put Antennas on New Ground Zero Tower. The New York Times, May 29, 2003.
  • Dunlap, David W. The Tallest Building in the World: It's a Boast That Invites an Argument. The New York Times, Dec. 20, 2003.
  • Dunlap, David W. Manhattan: PATH Station Numbers (Metro Briefing). The New York Times, Feb. 13, 2004.
  • Dunlap, David W. Coming Soon: The End. The New York Times, Jul. 15, 2004.
  • Dunlap, David W. A Survivor Faces a Slow Death, Piece by Piece. The New York Times, Apr. 16, 2004.
  • Dunlap, David W. At Ground Zero, New Tower Pushes Higher Than Original. The New York Times, Sept. 16, 2004.
  • Dunlap, David W. An Old View Is New Again, 70 Stories Up. The New York Times, Mar. 11, 2005.
  • Dunlap, David W. Tall and Shorter Towers Set for Mayflower Site. The New York Times, Aug. 4, 2005.
  • Dunlap, David W. Suit Claiming Similarities in Tower Design Can Proceed. The New York Times, Aug. 11, 2005.
  • Dunlap, David W. Bovis Is Awarded Deal to Demolish a Tainted Tower at Ground Zero. The New York Times, Aug. 12, 2005.
  • Dunlap, David W. An Elevated Plaza Finally Worth Going Up to See. The New York Times, Oct. 19, 2005.
  • Dunlap, David W. Ground Zero Cooling Plant Shrinks From XL to S. The New York Times, Nov. 16, 2005.
  • Dunlap, David W. New Concerns About Razing of Bank Tower at Ground Zero. The New York Times, Apr. 14, 2006.
  • Dunn, Julie. In Every Building, Turn, Turn, Turn. The New York Times, Oct. 27, 2002.
  • Dupré, Judith. Skyscrapers. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal, 1996.
  • Earle, Geoff. Feds Finally Aboard 2nd Avenue $ubway. New York Post, Apr. 18, 2006.
  • Eaton, Leslie. Wall Street May Be Spoiler for New York's Economy. The New York Times, Aug. 14, 2001.
  • Elliott, Stuart. Target Aims at Times Square. The New York Times, Jul. 1, 2004.
  • Elson, Rachel F.. Beyond Doorman. New York Post, Oct. 4, 2003.
  • Emery, Chelsea & Cohen Rachel. Death of world's financial nerve center?. Deccan Herald, Sept. 17, 2001.
  • Ferguson, Steve. A two-day cycle using timber formwork?. Concrete, Mar. 2000.
  • Fickenscher, Lisa. City adding 5,000 hotel rooms over two years. Crain's New York Business, Nov. 18, 2005.
  • Finn, Robin. Developer Stalks His Prize in the Wilds Downtown. The New York Times, Nov. 21, 2002.
  • Fox, Robert F.. Why Corporations Need Green Design. Metropolis, Mar. 1, 2004.
  • Fried, Joseph P.. $1.2 Million of 9/11 Aid Is Returned. The New York Times, Dec. 27, 2003.
  • Fried, Joseph P.. 7 World Trade Center Is Said to Be Close to Signing Its First Tenant. The New York Times, Jul. 26, 2005.
  • Garbarine, Rachel. A Tower With Housing and a Publishing House. The New York Times, Sept. 8, 2000.
  • Gardner, Ralph Jr. For Tower Residents, a New Math. The New York Times, May 8, 2003.
  • Garmhausen, Steve Is It Easier Being Green?. Slatin Report, Mar. 4, 2004.
  • Garmhausen, Steve Spread 'Em!. Slatin Report, Sep. 24, 2004.
  • Gaudin, Sharon Lehman Brothers' network survives. Network World , Nov. 26, 2001.
  • Gilmartin, Gregory F. Shaping the City - New York and the Municipal Art Society. New York: Clarkson Potter/Publishers, 1993.

  • Gittrich, Greg. Housing Seen in WTC Plans. New York Daily News, Jun. 20, 2002.
  • Glanz, James. Why Trade Center Towers Stood, Then Fell. The New York Times, Nov. 11, 2001.
  • Glanz, James. Engineers Suspect Diesel Fuel in Collapse of 7 World Trade Center. The New York Times, Nov. 29, 2001.
  • Glanz, James & Moss, Michael. Faulty Fireproofing Is Reviewed as Factor in Trade Center Collapse. The New York Times, Dec. 13, 2001.
  • Glanz, James & Lipton, Eric. First Tower to Fall Was Hit at Higher Speed, Study Finds. The New York Times, Feb. 23, 2002.
  • Glanz, James & Lipton, Eric. Towers Withstood Impact, but Fell to Fire, Report Says. The New York Times, Mar. 29, 2002.
  • Glanz, James & Lipton, Eric. U.S. Report on Trade Center Echoes Lessons of Past Disasters. The New York Times, Apr. 2, 2002.
  • Glanz, James & Lipton, Eric. A Midtown Skyscraper Quietly Adds Armor. The New York Times, Aug. 15, 2002.
  • Glanz, James & Lipton, Eric. New York Plans Code Overhaul for High-Rises. The New York Times, Aug. 17, 2002.
  • Godfrey, Brian J. Restructuring And Decentralization In a World City. The Geographical Review, Oct. 1995.
  • Goldberger, Paul. The City Observed: New York. New York: Random House, 1979.
  • Goldberger, Paul. The Incredible Hulk. The New Yorker, Nov. 17, 2003.
  • Graver, Fred & Rubin, Charlie. New York Earthquake - The Quake Next Time--Waiting for the Big One. Compuserve New York Magazine Online, Dec. 11, 1995.
  • Gray, Christopher. Readers' Questions: Chrysler Building's Predecessor. The New York Times, Sept. 2, 2001.
  • Gray, Christopher. The MetLife Building, Originally the Pan Am Building - Critics Once Called It Ugly; Now They're Not Sure. The New York Times, Oct. 7, 2001.
  • Gray, Christopher. The Metro-North Tracks: A Look Down at the Rail Tunnels Below Park Ave.. The New York Times, Nov. 27, 2001.
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  • Weiss, Lois. Helsmley Is Loser In Suits. The New York Post, Nov. 19, 2002.
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  • Weiss, Lois. Heels Cool on Big Deals. The New York Post, Dec. 18, 2002.
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  • Weiss, Lois. Jumbo Leases Outpace Last Year. The New York Post, Jul. 2, 2003.
  • Weiss, Lois. Insurance Spat Over Stuy-Town. The New York Post, Jul. 9, 2003.
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  • Weiss, Lois. Trump Scores a $79M Tax Cut. The New York Post, Jan. 28, 2004.
  • Weiss, Lois. Another Mogull Trumps Trump. The New York Post, Mar. 3, 2004.
  • Weiss, Lois. Seaport Sky Cubs Get OK. The New York Post, Feb. 9, 2005.
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  • Weiss, Lois. Essex, Rihga Hotels Are Sold.. The New York Post, Apr. 20, 2005.
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  • Weiss, Lois. Helmsley Empire Lease Upheld. The New York Post, Feb. 25, 2005.
  • Weiss, Lois. Larry Woos State. The New York Post, Mar. 22, 2006.
  • Weiss, Lois. Investors Eyeing French Building . The New York Post, Mar. 24, 2006.
  • Weiss, Lois. Ratney Courts Top Times Tower . The New York Post, Mar. 30, 2006.
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  • Wyatt, Edward. Schumer Sees Excess Cleanup Aid Paying for Rail Links to New Hub. The New York Times, May 31, 2002.
  • Wyatt, Edward. N.Y.S.E. Abandons Plan to Build New Headquarters Across the Street. The New York Times, Aug. 2, 2002.
  • Wyatt, Edward. Money for Just Some of a Transit Wish List. The New York Times, Aug. 13, 2002.
  • Wyatt, Edward & Bagli, Charles V. Last Days for a Survivor of Sept. 11. The New York Times, Jun. 20, 2003.
  • McMillan Encyclopedia of Architects. New York: The Free Press, 1982.
  • various articles from Real Estate Weekly.
  • 1993 World Almanac. The list of Notable Tall Buildings in North American Cities, the entry for New York City, N.Y., New York: Pharos Books, 1992.
  • Everyman Guide to New York. London: David Campbell Publishers, 1994.
    (A truly magnificent piece of art) - a "must" for everyone interested in The Big Apple in meticulous detail!) (Book's known in the N.A. as the Knopf Guide...)
  • Eyewitness Travel Guide New York. London: Dorling Kindersley, 1996.
  • Geographia New York City Tourist Map. Weehawken: Geographia Map Company, 2000.
  • as well as several web sites, such as the ones on the links page, especially The City Review and Cityrealty -- (additional) sources also stated on respective essays.
    I'd also like to thank
    Massimo Beltrame (general info), Georges Binder (general info), Howard Brown (general info), Binky (webcam links), Laurence Berland (general info), Willis Boyce (refinements & general info), Tommy Dale (info links), Larry Dudock (refinements & general info), Laurent Folliot (info & images), Donald Friedman (structures & renovation), Frank Gerlak (refinements & general info on Art Deco & images), Al Germond (info), Marshall Gerometta (general info & heights), Chris Granger (webcam) Carter B. Horsley (general info), Patrick Johnson (general info), Dylan Leblanc (general info), Bill MacEwen (general info), Scott Murphy (refinements, general info & images), Brian Rose (general info), Dan Shannon (general info), Richard Sheppard (general info), Andrew Stern (general info & new developments) and Dmitrii Zagorodnov (images)
    for being the "eyes of the fleet"...

top

ENTRANCE    CONTENTS    INTRODUCTION    ALPHABETICAL LIST

EARLY CENTURY I  &  II    ART DECO ERA I  &  II  &  III

INTERNATIONAL STYLE I  &  II  &  III    POST-MODERNISM I  &  II   

NEW DEVELOPMENTS    ADDITIONAL INFO I  &  II  &  III  &  IV

ARCHITECTS    DEVELOPERS    TOPICS INDEX    FORUM    LINKS

SITE SEARCH

MAPS:

DOWNTOWN    VILLAGES    WEST MIDTOWN    EAST MIDTOWN    UPTOWN


lo-go © e t dankwa 18 April 2006